TPLO Surgery: Knee injuries, a common occurrence in dogs of all shapes and sizes, are thoroughly researched and understood by veterinary professionals. In canine orthopedics, anterior cruciate ligament injury is a problem that occurs frequently. The most well-liked and effective kind of treatment is TPLO surgery.
As the name implies, a tibial plateau leveling osteotomy relocates the tibial bone and fixes it with plates and screws to effectively stabilize the knee joint. Under general anesthesia, it is an intrusive procedure in which the surgeon must cut through tissue. However, your furry friend is in good hands with a certified vet because it has been carried out and has evolved significantly since the 1970s.
The time to start planning for it is immediately after you learn that your dog needs TPLO surgery. Your veterinarian will advise you of the TPLO surgery recovery timeline and need to provide you with a TPLO recovery manual so you’ll know what to anticipate.
Consider your and your dog’s daily routine to assess how they will change and what will be required to facilitate the recuperation. In addition to having the right tools to help your companion as much as possible, mental preparation is crucial. Here are some recommendations to consider before your dog has TPLO surgery.
TPLO is now the only surgery that allows for a very short recovery, a restoration to regular practice and mobility, and limits the risk of developing arthritis. Although there are other options, TPLO has an excellent prognosis.
Unfortunately, in the vast majority of instances, without surgical intervention, physical therapy alone has not shown to be effective, leaving chronic limping and even substantial discomfort.
Getting Your Home Ready
According to your TPLO recovery manual, your dog should limit their mobility as much as possible after the procedure. Nevertheless, if your pet has the willpower, it can attempt to get up and roam around more than it ought to. So they won’t be as tempted to get up, make them as comfy as you can by fluffing up the pillows or blankets they often use to rest.
You can also buy a gate or a sizable crate to reduce the room they have to move around. Finally, if you have kids, it’s crucial to teach them about the procedure the surgeon will perform on your pet.
The Week Before Surgery: Preparation And Diagnosis
If TPLO is carried out soon after the injury, it has an even higher probability of success. If your veterinarian suspects a ligament injury, they should recommend that you see an orthopedic specialist (even if it is a partial tear).
The orthopedic consultation will determine the degree of knee instability, which will accurately diagnose an ACL tear. First, your dog will be sedated for a noninvasive radiological assessment so the radiologist can take x-rays and measurements. They will gauge the tibial slope, search for any arthritic lesions already present, and examine your dog’s menisci.
The orthopedic surgeon determines the degree of the damage, the level of tibial plateau slope correction required, and the diameter of the surgical plate. It would be best if you used this opportunity to ask them about any concerns you may have about the TPLO procedure’s stages and what will happen over the next few days.
Typically, the surgeon will schedule the surgery as soon as possible. However, to prevent your dog from suffering additional pain or harm while you wait a few days, you must place them under severe restraint.
Essentials to Invest In Before, During, and After the Surgery
For the initial few days or weeks of rehabilitation, your dog shouldn’t put much weight on the injured leg. However, a high-quality dog harness that enables you to lift your pup’s entire weight would be a considerable aid.
Some harnesses are designed to go over your hip, allowing you to pick up your dog without straining its body.
The TPLO rehabilitation process takes several weeks, which is challenging for you and your pet. Give them some things they can enjoy while recovering, if possible. They can occupy themselves with toys or other things to get their minds off their immobility.
Invest in slow feeders, treat dispensers, or interactive dog toys. Your dog is not permitted to run about, play, or take long walks, as it could take several weeks before they fully recover.
Set aside an area for their healing space. To limit their movement, use an x-pen or pet gate. In addition, consider purchasing a rear harness to support their back legs while they move around, use stairs, and enter and exit vehicles.
Attend the scheduled rechecks. Your veterinarian should assess your dog’s recovery, weigh the leg that underwent surgery, and conduct radiographs to examine the healing of the bone.
Preparing Your Dog For Surgery The Morning And Night Beforehand
You’ll frequently be requested to bring your dog to the hospital or clinic first thing in the morning. However, the surgeon or care team will suggest the last feeding time to be the night before, in accordance with the anticipated time of operation, to ensure your dog will arrive with an empty stomach on the day of surgery.
Within 24 to 36 hours, your dog should be in and out of the hospital or clinic. Consider how long the travel will be, how you’ll bring your dog there and back, and where you’ll stay if the hospital is a long way from home when you schedule your time.
Time Frames for Dog Rehabilitation After TPLO
Dogs who have had TPLO surgery can walk on their legs within 24 hours, and most can bear the weight within two weeks.
Although it takes a long time for dogs to recuperate after TPLO surgery, it still ranges between 12 and 16 weeks, which is substantially less time than comparable procedures. Therefore, after the TPLO operation, your dog should be able to resume regular physical activity in around six months.
It costs money to provide your dog with the best care possible before, during, and after its TPLO operation. Without factoring in the materials you’ll need to buy for your home recovery space, the cost of the TPLO surgery alone might be close to $5,000.
Naturally, pet insurance can assist cover a sizable portion of the expense. But it’s crucial to budget for the TPLO operation price so you won’t have to worry about paying for it while your dog recovers. TPLO Info aims to provide pet owners with as much information as possible regarding TPLO surgery and how it affects canines.